Home Forex Factbox-Chinese language oil, uncooked supplies imported from Russia

Factbox-Chinese language oil, uncooked supplies imported from Russia

Factbox-Chinese language oil, uncooked supplies imported from Russia

(Reuters) – China has dramatically elevated its use of the yuan to purchase Russian commodities over the previous 12 months, with nearly all of its purchases of oil, coal and a few metals now settled within the Chinese language foreign money as a substitute of {dollars}, folks conversant in the matter stated. .

China’s imports of key commodities from its northern neighbor totaled $88.3 billion in 2022, up 52% ​​from 2021, as refiners, utilities and smelters scavenged Russian sources at decrease costs. decreased after Western patrons shunned the commerce shortly after Moscow invaded Ukraine.

Listed here are the small print of China’s commodity imports from Russia:


Greater than half of China’s imports from Russia final 12 months, at 1.73 million barrels per day (bpd), had been sea shipments. They embody ESPO mix loaded from Russian Far East ports, a most popular grade of unbiased Chinese language refiners, and Urals loaded from Russian European ports.

Within the first quarter of 2023, Russia overtook Saudi Arabia to change into China’s prime provider, with volumes up a 3rd to a file 2.05 million bpd, value of $13.7 billion within the quarter.

Individually, main Chinese language state oil firm CNPC is shopping for round 800,000 bpd of ESPO mix from Rosneft via the Japanese Siberia-Pacific Ocean pipelines below government-to-government offers that embody loans and pre-financing estimated at $50 billion. in Moscow.

CNPC pay as you go a good portion of the worth of these contracts years in the past and has been paying provides fully in yuan since mid-2022, in line with two senior sources with data of the matter.

Rosneft and CNPC didn’t reply to requests for remark.


China has moved to cost in yuan for gasoline imports by pipeline via the Energy of Siberia pipeline which went into service on the finish of 2019. Final 12 months, imports amounted to 16 billion cubic meters, a price of virtually 4 billion {dollars}, a quantity which ought to attain 38 billion cubic meters in 2025.

Final 12 months, China individually imported 6.5 million tons of Russian liquefied gasoline (LNG) value $6.7 billion, which is paid for in {dollars} as a result of the product isn’t below sanction.

As well as, new gasoline provide is anticipated from the island of Sakhalin within the Russian Far East within the coming years below a 30-year settlement concluded in February 2022, with an annual provide reaching 10 billion m3. in 2026.


Ranked second in worth at $12.2 billion in 2022, settlements for practically all Chinese language imports of Russian coal have shifted from {dollars} to yuan because the conflict in Ukraine, in line with three Chinese language importers.

China, the world’s largest client of metals, imported $5.1 billion value of aluminium, refined and refined nickel from Russia in 2022, up 16% from 2021, as import volumes elevated to now this 12 months.

Along with sanctions issues, excessive borrowing prices in {dollars} and the rising use of the Chinese language market to cost steel imports have additionally boosted the usage of the yuan.

As an alternative of being listed on the broadly used London Metallic Change, a few of the Russian imports had been valued at spot or contract costs on the Shanghai Futures Change (SHFE).

“For more often than not this 12 months, Chinese language costs are decrease than the LME, so import prices could be decrease for Chinese language patrons to make use of Chinese language costs,” Lynn Zhao, Shanghai-based commodity strategist at Macquarie .

Through the use of the renminbi, patrons additionally profit from avoiding foreign money dangers, Zhao added.


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